Hamlet is crazy thesis
Hamlet is also famously philosophical. In his seven soliloquies, the audience sees into his theoretical and speculative thoughts of death, suicide, the after-life, heaven and hell, and the purpose or lack of purpose of life itself. Hamlet is attracted to difficult or impossible questions of mortality and the hereafter. It can be said that Hamlet is thoughtful to the point of obsession, he thinks about suicide and death extensively but does not act.
Despite his profound contemplation, Hamlet tends to act impulsively. His ironic inclination to act rashly causes many of the problems for him throughout the play. By killing Polonius, Hamlet must accept the fact that he will be immediately dispatched to England, making it more difficult for him to progress in his plan for revenge against Claudius.
Additionally, his action in taking on Laertes in a duel leads, of course, ultimately to his death. Directly before and after killing Polonius, he acts completely lucid. Similarly, his thoughts are clear when he sends Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to their deaths.
He acts without reflection, as he reflects without acting. Furthermore, it is important to bear in mind the considerable amount of loss and despair that Hamlet goes through in a short period of time. The death of his beloved father has a powerful affect on Hamlet, leading him to thoughts of suicide.
The quick marriage of his mother to Claudius adds to his despair. In this way, Hamlet is understandably distraught and may give some insight into why his actions are often impulsive. His troubles do not, however, lead him to become insane. All together, these character traits suggest that Hamlet is indeed sane. His plan to put on an intricate act of madness makes sense considering his contemplative and complex mind, and his actions that might otherwise suggest madness are simply a character weakness to act impulsively. There is a recurring theme of appearance versus reality in Hamlet.
There are several instances where what appears to be is not what truly is. Perhaps the most obvious example is Claudius. While Claudius appears to others to be the perfect king, fulfilling his duties as a kind and caring leader, he is in fact a cruel and selfish murderer who was willing to kill his brother for power. The character of Ophelia also exemplifies the theme.
Laertes means that she must hide her feelings because although she loves Hamlet, his high status will prevent their love from ever being true. Another instance of appearance versus reality is the play-within-a-play.
On the surface, the play appears to be simply a form of entertainment for the court. When Hamlet comes to Claudius after the play-within-a-play with the intentions of killing him, Claudius is found kneeling and apparently in prayer. After Hamlet leaves, however, it is learned that Claudius was actually unable to repent.
In this way, he chastises Ophelia and others for pretending to be something they truly are not. The establishment of this theme throughout the play is a means of suggesting that Hamlet is, in actuality, sane. By establishing Hamlet as a sane man who is simply feigning madness, he too fits into this major theme.
To have Hamlet actually become insane would be to break down a central idea of the play.
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Perhaps the most powerful evidence that Hamlet is sane, however, is the fact that his madness is extremely purposeful. Immediately afterwards, when Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come to talk to him, he mocks them also, and tells them that "I am but mad north-north-west; when the wind is southernly I know a hawk from a handsaw", making sure they go back to the King reporting that he is mad - however, it should be noted that he is perceptive enough to realise that they are merely the King's puppets, and has told them just what they wanted to hear.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are reporting back to the King. He asks:. Claudius is desperate to find out why Hamlet is mad, for he is afraid that Hamlet might have discovered his regicide. Rozencrantz and Guildenstern say that Hamlet was eager to ask questions, but not so eager to reply. Later in the scene, when Ophelia speaks with Hamlet as Claudius and Polonius listen from behind the arras, Hamlet repeatedly commands her to go to a nunnery, where she will never be able to marry.
I think that this is partially to try and protect her from the carnage that Hamlet must suspect will ensue when he eventually takes his revenge, but it is of course interpreted as the ravings of a madman. Ophelia says "O, what a noble mind is here o'erthrown! Blasted with ecstasy", showing that Hamlet has convinced her about his madness. However, Claudius now regognises Hamlet's method " He recognises the danger and orders that Hamlet be despatched to England, safely out of the way. Especially if you happened to have killed their fathers and committed adultery with their wives.
The next scene is the play's performance. Hamlet has asked the players to alter The Murder Of Gonzago slightly so it reflects the circumstances of his father's murder, to see Claudius' reaction. Hamlet, true to form, acts oddly, this time making suggestive comments to Ophelia. Both Hamlet and Horatio see the King's shocked reaction to the spoken play, and Hamlet at last decides he must take action. Polonius tries the same trick as he did with Ophelia in the next scene, but this time using Gertrude as bait.
Hamlet comes to speak with her and scolds her terribly, then hears Polonius behind the arras and kills him, thinking he was Claudius. He then is angry that he didn't kill the King, and he is so frenzied that the ghost comes in to remind him not to harm his mother. When he starts talking to the ghost his mother is finally convinced that he has lost his sanity, and says "alas, he's mad. Hamlet replies:. He retorts that he cannot be mad, for he can repeat the substance of what has taken place which madness would not.
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However, when she reports back to the King she says that "Hamlet in madness hath Polonius slain", and that he is "mad as the sea and wind", although it could well be that she is just trying to excuse him from his action and doesn't really believe that he is mad. We then learn of Ophelia's descent into madness, then suicide. The last evidence to consider is Hamlet and Laertes fight in Ophelia's grave. So is Hamlet mad?
I think if you consider all the evidence, the only conclusion one can safely come to is that he could not have been mad. Bradley in Shakespearean Tragedy staunchly adheres to the belief that Hamlet would cease to be a tragic character if he were really mad at any time in the play On the other hand, W. The purpose of Hamlet feigning madness is in order to be undercover and see for certain if what has been told to him by the ghost is true. By not revealing the fact that he is not insane, he is able to get more information about the death of his father.
Did his uncle kill his father and how can he get his mother away from his uncle are what Hamlet is set out to find Free Essays words 1. It is not a question of whether a character is sane or insane, but rather which is more desirable. Normally, it is the more admired trait to be considered be sane and in ones right mind. In contrast to popular ideas, on many instances throughout this play it appears that insanity is the more preferred trait in characters In Hamlet by William Shakespeare, it is evident that Hamlet himself is indeed out of his mind.
To be fair, his madness deals more with emotional instability referred to as melancholy or madness than a person who is incoherent. Good Essays words 1. Hamlet was not totally insane. He floods the early acts with an impending sense of confusion within Ophelia, for her feelings toward hamlet greatly contrast those of her brother and father. Ophelia begins to willingly take heed of her family's advice as the prince finds himself removed from a lucid pattern of thought Free Essays words 2. The meaning for insanity on Dictionary. Most of the time anyway. Then to see the ghost of your dead father They are Hamlet and Ophelia.
Although they both appear to be mad at times, their downfall or supposed downfall is quite different. Ophelia's crazed characteristics show up and intensify quite rapidly, until she is ultimately led to suicide. Her madness seems definite, and it is never questioned. The insanity or sanity of the main character is an arguable question.
The issue can be discussed both ways, with significant support to either theory Powerful Essays words 3. The outside world's perception of him as being mad is of his own design.
Hamlet Madness Essay
Hamlet is deciding what he wants others to think about him. Polonius, a close confidant of the King, is the leading person responsible for the public's knowledge of Hamlet's madness. The idea that Hamlet is mad centers around the fact that he talks to the ghost of his dead father.
He communicates with his dead father's ghost twice, in the presence of his friends and again in the presence of his mother His antic disposition affects his judgment, destroys relationships and creates a belief that he is truly mad. Throughout the play, Hamlet is consumed with anger which causes him to act through emotion and without reason. Free Essays words 4. Hamlet decides to make Claudius believe that he is insane, but the scheme backfires when everyone, except Claudius, falls for it. Ophelia is one of those who believes Hamlet lost his mind, and when he does not return her love, she is so brokenhearted that she commits suicide.
Near the end of the tragedy, Hamlet plays the part so well, that he convinces himself he is insane. Clearly, Hamlet's plan to put on an antic disposition is a tragic error Better Essays words 2. How does Hamlet tie in with insainity. What or who is the cause of insainity. While I try to overcome these questions to tackle the true answers, you will be thinking and deciding for yourself if Hamlet is "insane" or not.
What does insainity.
Hamlet’s Insanity of Sanity
This issue is confusing because Hamlet states that he will act insane to exact revenge upon Claudius after he has met his father's supposed ghost. However, there are many times during the play where it seems Hamlet could not possibly be acting. But while it is possible to be sane and act insane, by definition it is impossible to be insane and act sane because an insane person lacks the ability to reason and tell the difference between right and wrong Good Essays words 2.
In Hamlet by William Shakespeare, Hamlet pretends that he is insane to trick King Claudius and his company while in fact, he is not at all mad.