Review of research paper
Some examples of questions that can be answered by review papers include:. Once you have your question, start reading the literature to gather evidence. It is a good idea to do this in a systematic way to make sure that you are not cherry-picking the literature to support a pre-concieved idea or to favor the research of one particular group. Choose keywords carefully, choose a good database such as Web of Science, choose the time-frame that your review will cover, and read everything that is a match.
Take notes and, if appropriate to your research question, keep track of your findings in a spreadsheet or database. You will not be citing everything that you read for your review, but it is a good idea to keep track of everything that you have read that matched your search criteria, and what you learned from it.
- stanford essay prompts 2014 undergraduate.
- Guidelines for writing a literature review;
- Review article.
At some point during this reading, you will start preparing the outline for your review paper. Work out how you will structure the paper, what key points you want to highlight, and what the story is that you will be telling through your review. Often, good review papers will include figures that combine results from the literature that you have searched through to tell readers something new, either through new, collated representations of data that show new, emergent relationships, or through new conceptual models that will help others to think about the topic in a new way and structure future research.
Plan what these figures will be in your paper. Also think carefully about who your intended audience will be. Is it aimed at new post graduate students who are just getting into the field and need somewhere to start? Is it aimed at your fellow expert researchers in the field, whose thinking you would like to influence? Is it aimed at industry practitioners, who may not be able to read all the literature themselves, but need a good summary of the evidence and how it should influence their practice?
Is it aimed at people in related fields who may be venturing into a new cross-disciplinary area? Know your goal and your audience and it should then be clear what to include in your review and what to leave out. Finally, it is time to start writing. Like any other paper, this will need to have an Introduction, which explains what has been done before for example, in previous reviews and what has motivated your review paper i.
Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred. If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic.
Tips and advice when you review a scientific paper
For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access. If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods , you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. For example:. A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.
Like any other academic text, your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion. What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context.
If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, discuss the scope of the literature you will review for example, the time period of your sources , and state your objective. What new insight will you draw from the literature?
Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach. The example below is taken from the body of a literature review on the relationship between national identity and nature conservation.
What is an article review?
This paragraph discusses how humanities scholars have approached the concept of wilderness. Following Cronon, the racial and class politics of wilderness preservation was a theme taken up by several scholars in the late s and early s, who researched the material effects of conservation politics on indigenous and rural Americans Catton ; Spence ; Jacoby The US National Park system became the dominant paradigm for analyzing relations between conservation, nationhood and nationalism.
Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature. The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches. This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized chronologically.
In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance. If the literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, show how your research addresses gaps and contributes new knowledge, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework for your research.
If you are writing a stand-alone paper, you can discuss the overall implications of the literature or make suggestions for future research based on the gaps you have identified. Our quick guide to proofreading offers some useful tips and tricks! It's clear, to the point and beautiful source of knowledge. But i want to further more about the thematic review - its meaning and the process of way of dong it. Wonderful indeed!
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How to Review a Clinical Research Paper | Stroke
No complexity but simplicity. Highly thankful! Thanks, I find this information very helpful to to my academic works in research and writing as whole. It is my hope that you give a clear sample formats so as understand the step by step concept. Once more thanks. Hi Lucy, Somebody ask me "what shaped or guided your literature review LR?
Is my answer sufficient? Can you kindly give your comment please. Thank you.
I've read nearly your whole website, it's brilliant! Regarding LR, I would like to suggest one thing I have myself been advised to use by a friend: mindmaps. There are a couple of free apps such as XMind which I loooove that saved my life and eased my work so much while typing my LR.
It helps you structure your articles by topic for example, I put my references and summed up each relevant article in a topic. This made it sooo much easier to organise my work, my ideas, my structure and my writing because all I had to do was to go back on my map instead of going back to the articles. Hi Mohamed, Thank you for your question. Unfortunately we can't help you with this question, as it is too specific.
Sorry about that! Kind regards, Lucy. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Generate your APA citations for free! Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write a literature review. Date updated: August 26, A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources such as books, journal articles, and theses on a particular topic. Literature review research question What is the relationship between customer loyalty and customer satisfaction?
What is your plagiarism score? Compare your paper with over 60 billion web pages and 30 million publications. Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Stand-alone literature review If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, discuss the scope of the literature you will review for example, the time period of your sources , and state your objective.