Reference page essay format
Gather information. When you do research using MLA style of citation, you need to gather specific pieces of information for each citation. The easiest way to keep track of MLA citations while doing research is to copy and paste copyright information into a word processing document as you go, or to write it down in a notebook.
Why cite sources?
Things to include for any source are author s , date published, publisher, page number, volume and issue number, website, date accessed, anything that appears on the copyright page or indicates how to find it again. Organize the sources. When you have completed your writing and are preparing to turn it in or publish it, you must alphabetize your citations in a Works Cited page. This page should be the last of the document. As an example, the format for a standard book citation using MLA style is as follows: Last name of author, First name.
Title of Book. City published: Publisher Name, Year published. Source Medium. An MLA website citation looks like the following.
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If there's no author listed, begin citation with the name of the page: Last name, first name. Date published. Date accessed. Issue Year : page numbers. Write the title of the main work book, magazine, journal, website, etc. Chapter or article titles should be in quotation marks.
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Alphabetize the list. Place your list of references in order alphabetically by the authors' last names. Alphabetize by the first letter that appears in the entry, whether it has an author name or not. Format the Works Cited page. Double-space your document, and title this list of citations "Works Cited. Each entry should have hanging indent, meaning all lines below the first line are indented by half an inch. Make sure there is a period after each section of the citations. A period should always end the citation. Method 2. APA requires citations inside parentheses in the text of an essay, compiling them in an alphabetical References list at the end of a document.
While you're writing an essay, it's important to cite information so that you avoid plagiarism a form of cheating. Place a parenthetical citation at the end of every sentence or group of sentences if you're using the same source for multiple consecutive sentences containing information you didn't know before doing research.
An in-text citation using APA will simply have the author last name or title if no author followed by the year it was published. No comma between name and year. For example: Richards Richards is the author last name, and is the year. If you have an author name or title if no author but no page number, simply use author last name or title. This is common when citing websites. APA document formatting is very important.
APA papers are divided up into 4 sections: the title page, the abstract, the main body, and the references page. Write down copyright information as you go for every piece of research you glean from. Write it down for every source you look at with a note to jog your memory--you'll be surprised how many ideas you start to paraphrase, unable to remember where you got that idea.
To form APA reference page citations, you will need such information as author name s , date published, website URL, date you accessed the website, title of work, and so on. Organize the list.
Formatting a Research Paper | The MLA Style Center
The list of references should be alphabetized and set to hanging indent, just like MLA style format. For example, the format for an APA reference of a scholarly journal article is as follows: Author last name, First initial. Year published. Article or chapter title. Journal or book title, Issue number , page number range.
Title of Book: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Title of article. In Title of webpage or larger document or book chapter or section number. Retrieved from URL address. Format the page. Double-space your document, and title the references page "References" at the top-center of the page.
Put the page number all the way to the right, and a shortened version of the title of your paper all the way to the left in all capital letters. Only capitalize the first word of a journal article title, unless the title contains a proper noun called sentence case. Titles of books should preserve the published capitalization. Capitalize the city of publication, and use correct state abbreviations for states. Also capitalize the name of the publisher and end the reference with a period.
The title of larger works, whether a book, journal, website, or magazine, is in italics or underlined if handwriting , as is the issue number that appears right after the title.
How to Format Academic Paper in APA Essay Style?
Titles for shorter works like articles and chapters should not have any indicative punctuation in an APA entry. Method 3. For Notes and Bibliography, you will use a superscript at the instance of each quote in the text with a corresponding footnote at the end of the page. All footnotes are compiled into endnotes at the end of the work, on the bibliography page. The full version of each parenthetical citation is listed alphabetically on the references page. For example: Simon Simon is the author last name, and is the year. You will need a citation directly after every sentence or group of sentences if you're using the same source for multiple consecutive sentences containing information you didn't think of yourself.
As you do research for your essay, take note of all bibliographic information that you see. If using a book, write down all pertinent information found on the copyright page, including the name of the publisher and the city and year of publication. Publication date is often at the bottom of webpages. Use Notes and Bibliography if instructed. The Notes and Bibliography NB method is preferred by scholars in the humanities literature, history, arts.
This corresponds to a fuller citation on a Bibliography page that concludes the document. Though the general principles of citation are the same here, the citations themselves are formatted differently from the way they appear in Author-Date. If you are using CMOS for school or work, don't forget to ensure that you're using your organization's preferred citation method. For examples of these two different styles in action, see our CMOS sample papers:.
Run in at beginning of paragraph no blank line after , boldface or italic type, sentence-style capitalization, terminal period. This means that most citations will now begin with the title of the resource, rather than the contributors' names. Year of Publication.
Essay Basics: Format a References Page in APA Style
In a society of control, a politics of conduct is designed into the fabric of existence itself, into the organization of space, time, visibility, circuits of communication. And these enwrap each individual life decision and action—about labour [sic], purchases, debts, credits, lifestyle, sexual contracts and the like—in a web of incitements, rewards, current sanctions and foreboding of future sanctions which serve to enjoin citizens to maintain particular types of control over their conduct.
These assemblages which entail the securitization of identity are not unified, but dispersed, not hierarchical but rhizomatic, not totalized but connected in a web or relays and relations. Chicago Headings Level Format 1 Centered, Boldface or Italic Type, Headline-style Capitalization 2 Centered, Regular Type, Headline-style Capitalization 3 Flush Left, Boldface or Italic Type, Headline-style Capitalization 4 Flush left, roman type, sentence-style capitalization 5 Run in at beginning of paragraph no blank line after , boldface or italic type, sentence-style capitalization, terminal period.