Essay on mental health promotion
Childhood behavioural disorders are the sixth leading cause of disease burden among adolescents. Adolescence can be a time where rules, limits and boundaries are tested. However, childhood behavioural disorders represent repeated, severe and non-age-appropriate behaviours such as hyper-activity and inattention such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or destructive or challenging behaviours for example, conduct disorder. Eating disorders commonly emerge during adolescence and young adulthood.
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Most eating disorders affect females more commonly than males. Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are characterised by harmful eating behaviours such as restricting calories or binge eating. Anorexia and bulimia nervosa also include a preoccupation with food, body shape or weight, and behaviours such as excessive exercise or vomiting to compensate for calorie intake.
People with anorexia nervosa have a low body weight and a heightened fear of weight gain. People with binge eating disorder can experience feelings of distress, guilt or self-disgust when binge eating. Disorders which include symptoms of psychosis most commonly emerge in late adolescence or early adulthood.
How To Promote Good Mental Health
Symptoms of psychosis can include hallucinations such as hearing or seeing things which are not there or delusions including fixed, non-accurate beliefs. In many contexts, adolescents with psychosis are highly stigmatized and at risk of human rights violations. It is estimated that 62 adolescents died in as a result of self-harm.
Suicide is the third leading cause of death in older adolescents 15 — 19 years.
Suicide attempts can be impulsive or associated with a feeling of hopelessness or loneliness. Risk factors for suicide are multifaceted, including harmful use of alcohol, abuse in childhood, stigma against help-seeking, barriers to accessing care, and access to means. Communication through digital media about suicidal behaviour is an emerging concern for this age group.
Many risk-taking behaviours for health, such as substance use or sexual-risk taking, start during adolescence.
Essay on Promoting Health for the Elderly
Harmful use of substances such as alcohol or drugs are major concerns in most countries. Harmful substance use in adolescents increases the likelihood of further risk-taking such as unsafe sex. The use of tobacco and cannabis are additional concerns. In , based on data available from countries, it was estimated that 5. Many adult smokers have their first cigarette prior to the age of 18 years. Perpetration of violence is a risk-taking behaviour which can increase the likelihood of low educational attainment, injury, involvement with crime, or death.
Interpersonal violence was ranked the second leading cause of death of older adolescent boys in Promotion of mental health and well-being helps adolescents in building resilience so that they can cope well in difficult situations or adversities. Promotion programmes for all adolescents and prevention programmes for adolescents at risk of mental health conditions require a multilevel approach with varied delivery platforms — for example, digital media, health or social care settings, schools, or the community.
It is crucial to address the needs of adolescents with defined mental health conditions. Avoiding institutionalization and over-medicalization, prioritizing non-pharmacological approaches, and respecting the rights of children in line with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and other human rights instruments are key for adolescents. It aims to assist governments in responding to the health needs of adolescents in their countries, including mental health.
It emphasises the benefits of actively including adolescents in developing national policies, programmes and plans. It considers issues related to adolescents throughout, including a specific module on Child and Adolescent Mental and Behavioural Disorders. In the context of emergencies, WHO has developed tools for:.
Han Watching a film or listening to radio is a way for adolescents to use the media to further their knowledge about how to keep healthy. Adolescent mental health 18 September Key facts One in six people are aged 10—19 years. Half of all mental health conditions start by 14 years of age but most cases are undetected and untreated. Globally, depression is one of the leading causes of illness and disability among adolescents. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in 15—19 year olds.
The consequences of not addressing adolescent mental health conditions extend to adulthood, impairing both physical and mental health and limiting opportunities to lead fulfilling lives as adults. The Australian Human Rights Commission AHRC formed a policy against workplace bullying, the sector is providing information and protection to victims when an abuse occurs. Presently in the United States of America, the labourers are protected by law against discrimination of race, gender, colour, age and nationality and Healthy Workplace Bill HWB was enacted across the country Skehan, In addition to strategies of eradication of horizontal violence in the hospitals, she determined that education programme in the institution with active involvement of senior leaders is beneficial as for example, managers address abusive reports from the staff and disciplinary action will be applied to the attacker therefore it shows that the organisation is committed in creating safe place to work by not tolerating disruptive behaviours.
However, becoming successful in the nursing profession in a self-caring behaviour assists individuals to improve resilience to be able to build a restorative environment in times of professional burnout. According to Hu et al. Factors that may affect the physical and mental well being of nurses are determine by socio-economic needs, education, healthy workplace, salary and work compensation.
In order to prevent these issues, it is recommended to regulate work safety policies from government sectors to all hospitals and other organisations covering the guidelines in protecting and promoting the welfare of employees. The daily scope of nursing care responsibilities is broad which significantly impact the lives of people therefore, it is essential for nurses to be mentally healthy and mentally capable to be of service in the healthcare industry.
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