Essay on working mothers are not better mothers
Mutual understanding between spouses ensures that along with bringing in the income, both parents not only share the responsibilities of childcare and the immense fulfillment that comes with it, but also continue to enjoy each other's company as partners. These attitudes and values are then propagated through the generations. That is why we do see many families where the working mother is not considered an anomaly but a welcome entity. This means that gender sensitivity must be cultivated at both the individual and social level so that as working parents, each partner has an equal responsibility towards the children, not merely by the ability to earn money but also by the inclination and commitment to be involved in the process of child rearing.
The effects of maternal employment on children are sometimes positive and sometimes negative Youngblut et al.
Working Mothers Essays
Parents in non-employed mother families were more satisfied with their families at 18 months than parents in employed mother families Youngblut et al. Curiously it was also found that the infant's motor development was positively correlated with number of hours employed per week and degree of choice for the employed mother families, but negatively correlated with choice for the non-employed mother families. These results suggest that maternal employment may not be detrimental for infants born prior to term. Indeed, it may be beneficial, especially if the mother has a choice in the matter Youngblut et al.
Adolescents whose mothers began working reported statistically significant declines in psychological distress. This pattern was strongest for their symptoms of anxiety. Studies Chase-Lansdale et al. Youngblut et al. They found that employed mothers had more positive perceptions and provided more enriching home environments for their children.
They noted that in single-parent families, employment and consistency are positive influences on the mother-child relationship. The answer to whether work pays as far as parenting is concerned is believed to be complex Raver, Women who held lower rung jobs experience much more negativity in their parenting styles. Considering that income increase is a really positive factor that leads to better mental health of the family unit in the long term, low wage jobs may not benefit the family unit materially or economically. These factors can have an effect on the parenting style in working mothers Raver, Preschoolers experience a significant decline in time spent with their mothers when their mothers go to work and total time spent with the child has shown to decrease by as much as 2 hours per day.
A trade off is found between time and money, as family income increases whereas mother's time with child decreases.
Hence these two may offset each other. Mothers may often compensate for this by decreasing social, educational and personal activities that do not involve the children Chase-Lansdale et al. The incidence of childhood obesity was found to increase with increases in maternal employment as the number of hours spent with the child decrease, thus decreasing access to healthy food and increasing dependence on junk food Hawkins et al. The Millennium Cohort Study Child Health Group stated that long hours of maternal employment, rather than lack of money, may impede young children's access to healthy foods and physical activity ibid.
Children were more likely to be overweight for every ten hours a mother worked per week and this relationship was significant for children from households with a higher annual income ibid. Fathers perceived their year-olds as having more problem behaviours when mothers were currently employed full time.
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Fathers and teachers viewed children's behaviour as more problematic when less educated mothers had been employed during more years of the child's lifetime. Adolescents whose mothers began working reported statistically significant declines in psychological distress Chase-Lansdale et al. The effect of maternal employment on adolescent daughters was studied by Jensen and Borges and they noted that daughters of non-employed mothers had a closer relationship with their fathers, perceived them as happier and friendlier, and experienced less anger and tension in the home Jensen and Borges, With adolescents and teenagers an improvement in their mental health was found in correlation with increased incomes in the family.
It appears that when mothers of adolescents entered the labour force, they compensated for time away from their young teenagers by cutting down on time apart when they were not on the job Chase Lansdale et al. Contrary to popular belief, a working mother can have a positive impact on her growing children but many variables need to be considered. The most important is obviously the availability of child-care facilities. Women's movements have proved that a woman is no less than a man in every sphere of life, and women can take upon themselves to go a step further and prove that what a man can do, a woman can do better.
Working women 'are the better mothers'
So if a man could work to earn money, a woman could work, earn money and look after the kid[s] as well. Of course, a little help is always welcome, but we see scores of women who juggle all the three beautifully, and still do not complain. Who does? The husband, the in-laws, some friends, and the conscience of the woman, who still think she is not doing a good-enough job. In society, womanhood continues to be described from an essentially male viewpoint. This can be especially true of societies in third world countries like India.
Adjectives used to describe a woman may vary from feminine to tender, motherly, etc. A woman is all this and more. As a working mother, she is independent and empowered, especially if she is from a low socio-economic background. And that is the essence of her womanhood. Financial independence gives a sense of empowerment, and the additional income that the family gets, improves the family's standard of living and these together constitute a very essential upgrade for families with low socioeconomic background. While there is no clear-cut relationship of the term manhood to nurturing a child, except for the capacity to procreate, womanhood carries with it the onus of a deep, strong instinct and inclination to nurture.
Indeed, a woman feels, or is expected to feel, incomplete without being a mother, either as a biological trait or because of social conditioning. While the professional aspirations of the modern working woman continue to soar, as soon as she becomes a mother her priorities often change. A working woman is expected to be a good wife and mother before anything else, never mind her professional status or skills. Many women themselves put a premium on being a good mother at the cost of their work or career.
Society does not look kindly upon a woman who attains great success at work and has little time to devote to her home. It is as though womanhood is at stake if being a wife and mother does not take first place in the life of a woman, contrary to what it would be in the case of a man. Stereotypes rule and strong beliefs persist about the negative effects of maternal employment on women, their marriages, and their children, despite systematic evidence to the contrary.
It is also assumed that a mother's being at work leads to social ills like school dropouts, drug abuse, juvenile delinquency, and divorce. The argument that working mothers have little time to spare for their family, does not take into account the hours of unpaid housework and domestic chores of a full-time housewife. Working mothers put aside quality time to spend with their family and can contribute to a more cheerful and positive family environment. By efficient and effective time management, a working mother is able to allocate time to her various roles as well as appreciate her own worth and importance.
In short, it is possible to be a woman, a mother, and an achiever. Many have done it with help from society, and others have battled endless odds to prove the same. In today's world it is both desirable and incumbent upon mothers to be working, like their spouses. We, in the developing world, and still in the throes of a culture and tradition of a male-oriented society, should acknowledge that, contrary to traditional belief that a working mother is not a good mother, a working mother can, in fact, be a better mother. A working mother, especially the one who has the good fortune to be able to balance her home and work, thanks to all the factors mentioned above, enjoys the stimulation that a job or career provides.
She not only feels better about herself but is also forced to take better care of herself in order to make an impression.
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Along with motherhood, a successful career adds to the completeness of being a woman. The major stresses of being a working mother remain lack of time, and a feeling of guilt, due to perceived neglect of the parenting role. The rewards are many, including personal benefits, financial rewards, and improved family life.
To enable this, considerable adjustments are necessary at the individual level and at the workplace, which help the mother to fulfill the dual responsibilities of career and motherhood. The working mother epitomizes modern womanhood. The modern work environment needs to consider the special needs of this working population, changing its orientation from male dominance to gender neutrality and parenting friendly behaviour. The joint family and the nuclear family unit both need to adjust to the needs of the working mother so as to allow a healthier family to develop.
Is the profile of a working woman conducive to raising a healthy child as well as functioning adequately at the place of work? Are radical reforms required to help a working woman cope with the dual stresses of motherhood and a career? Are more studies required to assess the impact of motherhood on proficiency in careers? He edits the Asian Journal of Orthopedics and Rheumatology.
Conflict of Interest: We declare no conflicts of interest, commercial or otherwise, in relation to the matter published in this article. As co-authors we share equal responsibility for the contents and views presented as part of this article. Declaration: This is an original work and has not been submitted to any other journal for publication. It is not under consideration at any other journal. Singh and S. Singh eds. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Mens Sana Monogr v. Mens Sana Monogr. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
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Abstract Motherhood confers upon a woman the responsibility of raising a child. Keywords: Motherhood , Womanhood , Working mothers. Working and Motherhood One could define a working mother as a woman with the ability to combine a career with the added responsibility of raising a child. Some of the points we must try to address include the following: a.
Mothers and Employment The rush of married women into the workforce runs against traditional thinking that women must choose between family and career. Employer's Perceptions of Efficiency and Relationships of Motherhood to the Working Environment A working mother's ability to deliver is considered with trepidation. Maternity Leave and Benefits for Working Mothers Women's recovery from childbirth and their resumption of work and family commitments are likely to be influenced by such personal factors as preexisting health status, parity, breastfeeding, the availability of social support from family and friends and work-related factors, e.
Breastfeeding Maternity leave provisions are essential for a working woman to effectively complete the transition from pregnancy to motherhood. Working Mothers and Child Development A woman has the privilege to actually choose between work and motherhood. Where Is The Womanhood?
Is it a question raised on her womanhood? Conclusions In short, it is possible to be a woman, a mother, and an achiever. Take Home Message The working mother epitomizes modern womanhood. Questions That This Paper Raises 1.